For this meeting we didn’t have much enough time. So for this reason, we decided to meet in the TAMK cafeteria, and learning more vocabulary in the three languages. Most of this vocabulary, which we learnt, is related with the stuff that you can find in a dinning room (meals) and in the kitchen, as well.
English French Spanish German
Spoon la cuillère la cuchara der löffel
Knife le couteau el cuchillo das messer
Fork la fourchette el tenedor die gabel
Glass le verre el vaso das glas
Plate l’assiette el plato der teller
Salt le sel la sal das salz
Pepper le poivre la pimienta der pfeffer
Water l’eau el agua das wasser
Juice le jus el zumo der saft
Apple la ponme la manzana der apfel
Orange l’orange la naranja die orange
Rice le riz el arroz der reis
Noodles la pâte la pasta die nudel
Meat la viande la carne der fleisch
Table la table la mesa der tisch
Chair la chaise la silla der stuhl
Kitchen la cuisine la cocina die küche
Apart from the vocabulary, we also learnt how to pronounce each word in every language. From this prospect, the German is easier than the French, since reading you can know how to pronounce correctly the words. The girls have had some difficulties to pronounce some sounds in Spanish properly such as “rr”, “ch”, ‘z’, ‘s’,’j’, although some of them they can be pronounced in different ways depending from country or region where you are. Furthermore I learnt that in French if you have a word with these letters “eau”, you will have to pronounce as an Spanish /o/.
In this meeting, I realized that German and the Finnish have something in common! Both of them have vowels with umlauts. The German has three more vowels: ä, ü, ä each one with his particular pronunciation. Coralie told us that there are three main accents in French: accent aigu (‘´’), accent grave(‘`’), and the accent circonflexe (‘^’) which indicate the way of how to pronounce the vowels.
Moreover, we were talking about the different articles in the three languages. In German, unlike many other languages such as Spanish or French, they have a neutral article which is “das”:
Spanish French German
el le der Masculine
la la die Female
– – das Neutral
Lastly, Tanja told us that in German they put a capital letter in every noun, not like in Spanish and French. We only put capital letters for countries, and names.